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30 Navy | Summer 2018 GRADY T. FONTANA to monitor corrosion in our tanks. We need to do better with machinery space bilges and sea water-piping systems," Lichtenstein said. Lichtenstein said there is some divergence between the way the Navy and MSC conduct engineering for their respective ships. "We have some features and functions of our ships that are common with the Navy. We're different in that we follow American Bureau of Shipping [ABS], Coast Guard and commercial-like requirements. We consider ABS a regulatory authority, much like the Coast Guard is. ere are defined requirements, in both the design and construction, to provide a safe and functioning platform, along with survey and repair requirements, which we follow. We view them as sort of a third party looking at the condition and how we maintain and repair our ships to ensure we are meeting a commercial standard." Lichtenstein said MSC conducts all of its mainte- nance and repair in commercial yards. "We're a working capital-funded organization. All maintenance and repair is built into our rates, which also covers fuel, personnel and other costs associated with operating the fleet. "If the ship is overseas, we work with the Naval Supply Systems Fleet Logistics Centers [FLC], because they have forward deployed contracting officers. We prepare the maintenance requirements and the work packages, and they conduct the solicitation. We already know the shipyards, and what they are capable of." Lichtenstein said MSC has Ship Support Units in various locations, including Naples, Italy; Manama, Bahrain; Singapore; Yokohama, Japan; Guam and San Diego. "ey're kind of like my AAA roadside assis- tance. ey'll probably get the first call if a ship has a casualty or a problem, and needs some support. ey're in the same time zone, and can take the first steps to reach out to get tech reps or parts. ey'll close that triangle with the port engineer. If we need to dispatch tech reps from the U.S., then the port engineer will arrange that through our CONUS-based contracting officers rather than our FLC contracting officers. "In our maintenance model, we conduct voyage repair periods where we can conduct work pier side that build up while the ship is operating, and can be addressed by industrial assistance during 10- to 14-day off-mission periods," he said. Sealift Ships Ships designated for "seali" include troop transports, cargo ships, vehicle carriers and petroleum tankers to support of Department of Defense and other federal agencies, both during peacetime and war. MSC has prepositioning ships strategically located and loaded with military equipment and supplies to support forward operations. MSC also owns, operates and maintains 15 Reserve ships within its seali fleet in reduced operating status; these are among the first ships to activate when additional capacity is needed. e Maritime Administration (MARAD) owns and maintains Reserve seali ships in reduced operating status within its Ready Reserve Force (RRF). Kevin M. Tokarski. associate administrator for Strategic Seali at MARAD, manages a fleet of 56 ships, including 46 RRF ships, two that are maintained in the National Defense Reserve Fleet (NDRF) for the Missile Defense Agency (MDA), and eight training ships assigned to the nation's maritime academies for preparing the mariners of tomorrow. He also has the now-decommissioned nuclear-powered merchant ship Savanah, which awaits disposal. e MARAD vessels assigned to the RRF program support Defense Department surge seali require- ments. e RRF provides nearly one-half of the govern- ment-owned surge seali capability. e ships are a strategic resource, and they require an effective main- tenance strategy to ensure their ability to meet surge The Military Sealift Command's (MSC) large, medium-speed, roll-on/roll-off ship USNS Pililaau arrives Feb. 6 at the port in Laem Chabang, Thailand, to deliver equipment in support of Cobra Gold 2018. Pililaau is part of Maritime Prepositioning Ships Squadron Three, which consists of a fleet of govern- ment-owned ships operated by MSC and is based in the Guam-Saipan area of the Western Pacific Ocean. The ship entered service in 2000.

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