AUSN

FALL-WINTER 2017

Navy magazine is distributed on Capitol Hill,the Pentagon and naval bases around the world. It provides information that impacts Sailors, their families and the Navy. Navy is published quarterly by the Association of the United States Navy (AUSN).

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28 Navy | Fall/Winter 2017 Even when World War II drew to a close, the pace of activity in Norfolk did not slow down much. e Naval Air Station became operational headquarters for the Fleet Air command, so the NAS continued to operate at near-peak levels. When Naval Air Station Oceana in nearby Virginia Beach was upgraded from an outlying airfield to a Master Jet Base in the 1950's, the two air stations became the heart of the largest air base on the East Coast. Aircra technology advanced rapidly and significantly in the early years of the Cold War, with the first jet squadron qualifying for fleet operation in 1948 and the speed of the Navy's top aircra increasing 165 miles per hour per year between 1947 and 1956. Guided missiles MARK D. FARAM; U.S. DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS Over the last hundred years, Veterans' pensions and bene- fits have changed almost as much as warfighting. Although there have been provisions for the care or support of disabled Veterans since colonial times, up through the Spanish-Amer- ican War of the 1890's, payment was delivered through ongoing pensions to those were disabled or to the widow or children of those who were killed. During World War I, the system changed dramatically. Instead of pensions, a new system of establishing compensation was established based on two factors. The first, for the disabled, was the average finan- cial impact that specific losses – an ear, a foot, an arm – would have on someone's earning capability in general, rather than attempting to calculate the impact of such losses for each individual. The second factor, for widows and children, was the size of the family the Veteran had been supporting. The act also established the Bureau of War Risk Insurance in the Treasury Department and tasked it with administering the compensation. In 1921, the United States Veterans Bureau was created and responsibility for the compensation shifted accordingly. In 1933, the Economy Act was passed, again changing the way compensation was determined. The new law set basic conditions to establish a Veteran's entitlement to benefits, and specified minimum and maximum monthly rates for both disability and death benefits. Specific rates of payment were established and 12 regulations were written to cover the entire field of Veterans' benefits, including medical and hospital care, institutional housing for those disabled in war, and pensions for Veterans and their survivors. The law was A Very Short History of Veterans' Pensions and Benefits A sailor from Strike Fighter Squadron 37 disembarks the aircraft carrier George H.W. Bush onto Pier 14 at Naval Station, Norfolk, Va. after returning from 212-day deployment. In the 1930s new national cemeteries were established to serve Veterans. Following the Civil War, many state Veterans homes were established.

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