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29 Association of the United States Navy with other vessels and application of chal- lenging rules of the road. I can give so many more sets and reps to an individual in a simu- lator environment that's otherwise really hard to create with a group of YPs. "We want emergency scenarios where the junior officer has to make a rapid decision right now to keep his ship safe, avoid a collision, or minimize the impact angle," Robertson said. "And so there's pros and cons to both, but I cannot do the complex rules-of-the-road scenarios easily on YPs. Ideally, a young surface warfare officer or officer-candidate would get a blended approach of both — early exposure at sea on a training vessel followed by robust simulator time with heavy sets and reps." Muscle Memory According to SWOS Executive Director Richard Callas, many sets and volumes in a realistic, high-fidelity trainer can result in effective training and build experience. "Is it different than the real world? Yes, you don't feel the 3,500 tons rumbling underneath you. But you can develop your seaman's eye, understand how your ship works and how it maneuvers in various environments, and that instills the confidence that comes from compe- tence." Littoral combat ship (LCS) bridge training includes the six-week junior officer of the deck (JOOD) course and eight-week OOD course, using the same simulators for both LCS variants that exist at the LCS Shore-based Training Facility in San Diego, and are based on the actual systems on the ships. "It involves heavy sets and reps of scenario aer scenario of driving the ship, using the radar, VMS [Vessel Monitoring System] and all the tools available to them, and developing teamwork to effectively run the bridge," said Callas. "And we can train them for the ports they will be oper- ating from, such as Mayport, [Fla.,] San Diego, or Singapore." "We had a report from a CO that an ensign who had just reported aboard her ship aer completing our JOOD course," Callas said. "She brought the ship from outside San Diego through the channel to the pier on her own without the assistance of tugs or any intervention by the pilot, and docked at the pier. e pilot complimented her on her shiphandling. And she replied that it LT. MEGAN CHESTER Vice Chief of Naval Operations ADM Bill Moran listens as staff members from Surface Warfare Officers School in Newport, R.I., explain the functions of the full bridge simulator and how it is incorporated into the surface warfare continuum of training. Moran visited the school Jan. 26 as part of his role as co-chair of the over- sight board responsible for implementing recommendations from the Strategic Readiness Review and Comprehensive Review.

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